Dr Nina Lutterjohann was Project Coordinator for the Connecting Research on Extremism (CoRE) Network in the Institute for Interdisciplinary Research on Conflict and Violence at the Bielefeld University. Her PhD at the University of St Andrews was entitled ‘The Limitations of Imagining Peace: The Success and Failure of International Organisations and pan-European Responses to the Georgian-Abkhaz and Moldovan-Transnistrian Conflicts’. She studied Political Science and History at the Westfälischen Wilhelms-Universität Münster. After her Bachelors in European Studies at Maastricht University and an MA in Euroculture at Göttingen/Groningen Universities, she expanded her geographic scope to the Black Sea region and EU policy-related work through various work placements. Her interests include pan-European and Internationale Organisations, protracted conflicts, border regions, identity politics, migration, cultural studies, and radicalization research.
Values in flux?
A value comparison between post-communist and Turkic speaking youth/young adults’ communities in Germany
Why are youth from post-communist countries and from Turkish-speaking backgrounds in German society tending towards a seemingly conservative religion? In this project, the question is pursued as to why both groups show tendencies towards an increasing role of religiosity (and a conservative turn) and to what extent this happens against and between Orthodox/Christian, Muslim and Jewish backgrounds. This study establishes how much a potential value flux between the host and the home country under different conditions would be recognized while focussing on the similar, same and different values. This indicates the potential depth and intensity of religiosity in young generations in urban settings. It is examined to what extent religiosity is the expression of modernity/cosmopolitanism and tradition and to what extent this is the access to a subculture or even a simplified entry point towards radicalization.
This means it is not only important to estimate in which country people become more religious and to what extent this is a protest on and influence on Western consumer goods but it is the motives on levels of location, discourse and cultural representation that will be analysed. Content wise these dimensions are the identity search of young adults, urban anonymity to reduce singularized tensions between city and rural areas, the role of geopolitics as well as traditional and non-traditional forms of religiosity, including smaller separating branches. As values, amongst others is understood religiosity in its readings, gender regimes, and potentially the affinity towards violence.
It is examined to what extent the new and the other values are conditioned by perceived experiences of discrimination and if this is intensified by connections which are transported by transnational networks, and if this relates and is reinforced by the values in the home country or if the conservative background is decisive for the orientation.
Qualitative multi-methodological approaches reinforce quantitative survey findings to enlighten us as to how values in flux can be understood with the imperatives of creating urban coexistence and harmony. The focus is on urban integration is selected because it is a place of cultural encounters and has wide-ranging demographic implications.